wiring wing for lites

Discussion in 'The light stuff area' started by gahan, Mar 3, 2005.

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  1. Mar 3, 2005 #1

    gahan

    gahan

    gahan

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    varnish almost done and I thought i would develop wing tip lifhting white light on tail and strobe on bottom want to use these halagin( I think that is the right nomenclatuere) with lense covers , I plan on doing my own fiberglass, Question what would be the smallest gauge wire that would handle 1, 12 volt bulb drawing 3 amp max. once I cover the wing ,doinging it over might be rough. reguards tom gahan
     
  2. Mar 4, 2005 #2

    Jman

    Jman

    Jman

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    How long will the run of the wire be?
     
  3. Mar 4, 2005 #3

    Midniteoyl

    Midniteoyl

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    1. Use the smallest reasonable sized wire for the required current.

    Wire is expensive and the larger you go, the more expensive it is.
    Wire is heavy and the larger you go, the heavier it gets.
    Mechanically, smaller wire is easier to route, easier to protect, easier to fit connectors on and therefore, more reliable mechanically (There are limits - see below).
    2. Use a large enough wire so there is no voltage drop. We want whatever it is we are wiring to operate at top efficiency.

    3. Maintain an adequate safety margin. We don’t want to melt any wires do we?

    The first thing you have to do is determine the current you have to carry. For DC circuits, that’s relatively easy. Some equipment on a car is rated directly in current draw. Auxiliary fans, fuel pumps and things like that are rated in current draw - Amps. Some equipment is rated in Watts - mostly the lighting equipment. The power requirement in Watts will be printed right on the bulb or stamped in the base. To come up with amps use one of the formulas shown here.

    Current in Amps = Power in Watts/Voltage in Volts

    Current in Amps = Voltage in Volts/Resistance in Ohms

    Current in Amps = The Square Root of Power in Watts/Resistance in Ohms

    Let’s calculate for a typical 100 Watt Light - the power required is 100 Watts and the voltage is 12 Volts - so the current requirement is 100 Watts/12 Volts = 8.33 Amps. Actually, it's somewhat less than that because the rated output of a lamp is figured at 13.5 volts, not 12 volts - 13.5 volts is typical when your engine in running and the Alternator is working correctly. We'll use the 12 volt figure anyhow - Let’s assume you have to run a wire 6 feet from a relay to the lamp. Using the 10 Amp column you’ll find that you can run 10 Amps on 15 feet of 18 AWG with only 1/2 Volt drop. Go to the next size larger for a safety margin and you’re at 16 AWG. Now in reality, you have to balance the mathematical results with mechanical reliability. If in a high stress area I’d go to 14 AWG as the wire and connectors are physically stronger. If not, use the lower gauge to shave weight.

    Note that wire sizes for lighting is more critical than for other applications — The rated output of a lamp is figured at 13.5 volts, not 12. So with a 1/2 volt drop you are at 13.0 volts. And at 95% of the rated voltage, you are only putting out 80% of the rated luminous intensity - for a 100 watt lamp that’s only 80 watts!! Get what you pay for and figure to the high side when you are sizing wire for lighting.


    Code:
    Maximum length in feet for car wiring          
     
    Wire        Gauge Current Load in Amps @ 12 Volts DC  
                  4 Amp 6 Amp 8 Amp 10 Amp 12 Amp 15 Amp 20 Amp 50 Amp 
    20 AWG         26'   17'   13'  
    18 AWG         37'   25'   18'    15'    12'  
    16 AWG         56'   37'   28'    22'    18'    14'  
    14 AWG         90'   60'   45'    36'    30'    24'    18'  
    12 AWG        143'   95'   71'    57'    47'    38'    28'  
    10 AWG        227'   151'  113'   90'    75'    60'    45'  
    8 AWG         363'   241'  181'   145'   120'   96'   72'    29'  
    6 AWG         585'   390'  292'   234'   194'  155'   117'    46'  
    4 AWG         925'   616'  462'   370'   307'  246'   185'    74'  
    2 AWG         1515'  1009' 757'   606'   503'  403'   303'   121'  
    1 AWG         1923'  1280' 961'   769'   638'  511'   384'   153'  
    0 AWG         2427'  1616' 1213'  970'   805'  645'   485'   194' 
    
    

    edit; fix table...
     
    Last edited: Mar 4, 2005
  4. Mar 4, 2005 #4

    gahan

    gahan

    gahan

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    wiring wings

    thanks guys looks like standard 20 Gauge trailor wire will work if I can pull it through 14' of poly fuel line.
     
  5. Mar 6, 2005 #5

    wally

    wally

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    Just use an air compressor with a blow nozzle to blow a small piece of string through the tubing. Then tie or tape the end securely to the wire(s) you have to install and pull them through. Should take maybe 10 minutes.
    Wally
     
  6. Mar 7, 2005 #6

    Jman

    Jman

    Jman

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    Great Info! Thanks Mid and Wally!
     

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