# Night VFR and IFR Requirements

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#### Rhino

##### Well-Known Member
I want to equip my airplane originally for night VFR, and gradually move up to be IFR equipped, so I have a few questions along those lines.

1) What are the requirements equipment wise for night VFR? I know there are strobes and nav beacons required, but I'm a bit fuzzy on the details. There seem to be different options available to satisfy the requirements.

2) I don't have to have my aircraft 'IFR certified' if it's an experimental, do I?

3) What are the minimum equipment requirements to fly my plane IFR?

Thanks in advance for any responses.

#### orion

##### Well-Known Member
When's the last time you had your biannual? I know each time I have one, these questions are usually asked and as I have one coming up by the end of this month, I have the basic equipment lists handy.

VFR day: Gas gauge, oil pressure, oil temp., seat belts and shoulder straps, ELT, altimeter, compass, airspeed indicator and tachometer.

VFR night: All the above plus anti-collision lighting, position lights, energy source and spare fuses. The latter is specified as one complete set or three of each kind.

These are the basics and assume that you'll fly outside of controlled airspaces since there is no mention of communications nor any advanced instrumentation.

Oops, I lied - I don't have the IFR minimums in front of me. Hopefully someone else will input those for you.

#### Rhino

##### Well-Known Member
No biannual. Still a student with a yet-to-be-started construction project.

No attitude indicator required, huh? I would have thought that would be required for night flying.

I was more interested in the positioning of lights/strobes. I understand there are several options.

#### BD5builder

##### Well-Known Member
Day VFR

Altimeter
TAchometer
Oil pressure
Manifold pressure
Airspeed Ind
Temp gauge if liquid cooled
Oil pressure
Fuel quantity indicator
Landing gear position indicators (if w/ retractable gear)
Anti-collision light system
Mag compass
ELT
Safety belts

Night VFR requirements on top of Day VFR

Fuse's
Landing light (if for hire)
Anti collision lights
Position lights
Source of electricity

IFR flight required for both day/night VFR

Generator/alternator
Rate of turn indicator
Attitude indicator
Ball
Clock w/ sweeping second hand or digital readout
Altimeter (pressure sensitive)
Radio service's applicable to the service's used
Directional gyro
DME if above FL240 and using VOR's

On top of that.. All aircraft must be able to navigate via VOR's to be IFR certified, soo if you don't have atleast one and only have a IFR certified GPS, you still won't get your plane certifed for IFR.

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#### Rhino

##### Well-Known Member
Originally posted by BD5builder
........you still won't get your plane certifed for IFR.
Thanks, but is an experimental required to be "certified" for IFR, and/or do you have to have "certified" IFR equipment to fly IFR in an experimental? I know an experimental can fly with non-TSO'd equipment, but I don't know to what extent that applies to IFR equipment.

#### BD5builder

##### Well-Known Member
As much as my school drills the regs in our brains, there is nothing to my knowledge, that says that a certain equipment has to be TSO'd. And when you get ready to have your experimental examined, you should notify the DAR that you would like the aircraft to be certified for IFR, as i throw's in a whole nother sort of inspections that must be done. Such as

Transponder inspected every 24 calender months
Pitot/Static is also every 24 calender months (if memory serve's me correctly)
You have to have a VOR reciever check ever 30 days (there's a whole nother acronym for this)

But as far as i have read and interpreted the regs. When the dar comes to inspect the plane, tell him what your specifically going to use with the plane (ie. Day/Night VFR/IFR ). And as far as the equipment being TSO'd. The way i understand it, is if it pass's the inspections, it doesn't matter. BUT if i were to planning on going up in the soup, i'd buy the best i could get for the \$ i had. I've been up in the soup twice already, and have had both nav's fail and a vacuum failure and this was all within 2 weeks of each other (Both of them in Different 172's), and its definately NOT fun... but failure's are prone, the TSO'd instruments/radio's are just manufactured to more stringent tolerances and tests.