Well, private companies aren't like the military. If you've got an oak leaf or an eagle on your shoulder, the military believes that you should be able to manage whatever they assign you.Once again I am left wondering why it is the companies insist on promoting someone who is brilliant at Apples into a position with oranges.
Civilian industry is different. If an apple-brilliant individual ends up wrangling oranges, a major factor is that he or she *believed* they could manage oranges. They probably got the job on a competitive basis, beating out a half-dozen or so other applicants. Certainly, the upper management is trying to pick the most-suitable person. They sure as anything *could* be fooled by an applicant, but unless the person is planning to fail, they must, at some point, believe they could actually do the job.
In reality, many of the plum leadership jobs in the military are doled out on a competitive basis as well.
I'm wracking my brains, trying to remember the content of the employee Performance Evaluation form generated biannually at Boeing (similar to the OER in the Air Force). IIRC, there were 12 categories...but only a few of them related to how well we actually *did* our jobs. The rest was how well we supported Boeing policy #1, Boeing policy #2, etc.
For example, toward the end of my time, they added an evaluation related to safety. To meet the standard, each employee had to formally report three safety hazards per year. Probably easier for people in the manufacturing environment, but we were office workers.
In my case, I've not only got an imagination, but a gruesome one at that. I could walk through a room and see any number of potential death traps. "Carpet's rippled...trip hazard." "Wires are exposed where those cubicle walls meet." "Whiteboard is missing a screw for holding to the wall." "Emergency flashlight batteries are dead." "Boxes blocking emergency exit." and so on. Favorite was a biological hazard; pigeon guts littered the ground by the back door (had hawks nesting nearby).
Not only did I get "Well exceeds expectations" in that evaluation criteria, I emailed the list to my co-workers so they could use them, too....